Accurate Approximations for the Capacity Distribution of OFDM-Based Spatial Multiplexing
We derive new analytic approximations to the capacity distribution of frequency-selective Rayleigh fading MIMO channels. The results apply specifically to OFDM-based spatial multiplexing. In particular, we present a new closed-form Gaussian approximation which yields very high accuracy in many scenarios. For the low SNR regime, we also present a new simpler closed-form Gamma approximation, which we show to be even more accurate than Gaussian in this case. Our approximations are based on new exact closed-form expressions which we derive for the variance of the mutual information which, in contrast to previous results, apply for systems with both arbitrary numbers of antennas and arbitrary-length channel delay profiles.