Detecting h-index manipulation through self-citation analysis (2011)
Type of ContentJournal Article
The h-index has received an enormous attention for being an indicator that measures the quality of researchers and organizations. We investigate to what degree authors can inflate their h-index through strategic self-citations with the help of a simulation. We extended Burrell’s publication model with a procedure for placing self-citations, following three different strategies: random self-citation, recent self-citations and h-manipulating self-citations. The results show that authors can considerably inflate their h-index through self-citations. We propose the q-index as an indicator for how strategically an author has placed self-citations, and which serves as a tool to detect possible manipulation of the h-index. The results also show that the best strategy for an high h-index is publishing papers that are highly cited by others. The productivity has also a positive effect on the h-index.
CitationBartneck C, Kokkelmans S (2011). Detecting h-index manipulation through self-citation analysis. Scientometrics. 87(1). 85-98.
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Keywordsh-Index; Self-citation; Manipulation; q-Index; Simulation
ANZSRC Fields of Research49 - Mathematical sciences::4905 - Statistics::490510 - Stochastic analysis and modelling
RightsThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.
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