Internal Material Flow Layers in AA6082-T6 Butt-Joints during Bobbin Friction Stir Welding (2019)
Type of ContentJournal Article
Bobbin friction stir welding with a double-sided tool configuration produces a symmetrical solid-state joint. However, control of the process parameters to achieve defect-free welds is difficult. The internal flow features of the AA6082-T6 butt-joints in bobbin friction stir welding were evaluated using a set of developed reagents and optical microscopy. The key findings are that the dark curved patterns (conventionally called 'flow-arms'), are actually oxidation layers at the advancing side, and at the retreating side are elongated grains with a high-density of accumulation of sub-grain boundaries due to dynamic recrystallization. A model of discontinuous flow within the weld is proposed, based on the microscopic observations. It is inferred that the internal flow is characterized by packets of material ('flow patches') being transported around the pin. At the retreating side they experience high localized shearing at their mutual boundaries, as evidenced in high density of sub-grain boundaries. Flow patches at the advancing side are stacked on each other and exposed to oxidization.
CitationTamadon, Pons, Clucas, Sued Internal Material Flow Layers in AA6082-T6 Butt-Joints during Bobbin Friction Stir Welding. Metals. 9(10). 1059-1059.
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Keywordsbobbin friction stir welding; materials flow; metallography; AA6082-T6; weld defect
ANZSRC Fields of Research40 - Engineering::4016 - Materials engineering::401607 - Metals and alloy materials
40 - Engineering::4017 - Mechanical engineering::401707 - Solid mechanics
40 - Engineering::4014 - Manufacturing engineering::401408 - Manufacturing processes and technologies (excl. textiles)
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Tamadon, A.; Pons, D.J.; Sued, K.; Clucas, D. (2018): Bobbin friction stir welding (BFSW) is an innovative variant for the solid state welding process whereby a rotating symmetrical tool causes a fully penetrated bond. Despite the process development, there are still ...
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