Women in leadership: factors that contribute to or hinder career advancement and efficacy among women leaders
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree NameMaster of Science
Gender parity within leadership teams has a number of benefits for organisations and their stakeholders. The aims of this study are to understand what current New Zealand women leaders perceive to negatively affect their leadership advancement. As well as what factors they directly attribute to their leadership success. This study will also quantitatively explore the association between career sponsorship, mentoring and executive coaching and the affect these factors have on women’s career satisfaction and leadership efficacy. This study used an online survey to answer these questions and was completed by 159 women who currently hold executive level leadership positions in New Zealand. The findings indicated that organisational culture was the factor that most hindered leadership advancement. Women ascribed personal attributes such as drive and hard work as to the key reasons for leadership attainment. The quantitative component of this study revealed that having a career sponsor is associated to higher levels of career satisfaction and indicated that having an executive coach can affect leadership efficacy levels. The findings support the literature and offer a number of practical implications and areas for future research.