North American commercial involvement in the Argentine Republic, 1880-1914.
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree NameMaster of Arts
This thesis examines the extent and nature of North American commercial involvement in the Argentine Republic, 1880-1914. Political and cultural factors are also considered in explaining the development of closer economic relations between the two countries.
In 1880 the commercial position of the United States on the River Plate was weak. North American exporters lacked adequate banking, shipping and mail facilities and were largely ignorant of Argentine tastes and requirements. Over the next thirty years these obstacles were overcome mainly due to the internal expansion of both countries. The resulting growth in United States awareness of and trade with the Republic is studied along with Argentine reaction to such diverse stimulants as Pan-Americanism, the wool tariff and battleship diplomacy.
A constant and important feature of this greater United States involvement with Argentina was an increasing Anglo-American rivalry on the Plate. Many Britons regarded the Argentine Republic as an essential, if informal part of the British Empire. Faced with a United States increasingly determined to assert its new economic and political power, British merchants and officials fought to retain their region of influence. Relations between London and Washington, and between the English and North American communities at Buenos Aires are therefore also treated in depth.
A broadly chronological framework has been adopted to examine the development of the United States-Argentine relationship. In Chapter Four this is dispensed with to allow a case study of North American financial penetration into the Argentine Republic over an extended period of time.