Through a Euro lens : exploring the roles of NGOs and non-NGOs and the impact they have on child sex tourism in Thailand.
Thesis DisciplineEuropean Studies
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree NameMaster of Arts
As the child sex tourism industry in Thailand has increased in the last 30 to 40 years, so too has the demand for trafficking children from other parts of Southeast Asia and into Thailand for prostitution. This research aims to examine the impact in which the European Union (EU) can normatively have on the Thailand Government, Non-Government Organisations (NGOs) and Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) when it comes to child rights and their relation to the Child Sex Tourism (CST) industry in Thailand. As child sex tourism has grown in popularity, there has been added pressure towards the Thai Government from other international actors to strengthen prosecution laws towards traffickers and brothel owners that coerce unsuspecting child victims for sex work and the local and foreign clientele who make use of those services.
This study used a comparative analysis that looked into three projects that used the normative values of the EUs 3 Ps (Protect, Prevent, and Prosecute). Secondly, NGOs such as End Child Prostitution and Trafficking (ECPAT) and their involvement with the EU and its Member States was also analysed to determine if their association with these three projects had an impact on clamping down child sex tourism in Thailand. Thirdly, this analysis also investigated to see if these three projects were able to increase the promotion of raising awareness on the dangers of child sex tourism in Thailand. The study revealed that developing projects to help increase awareness of the dangers of child sex tourism does not always help to reduce the problem. This research has shown that more collaborations needs to be made by the Thailand Government, ECPAT, the EU and its Member States so better policies, laws and programmes can be developed to help combat this issue further.