Examining the potential for interculturalism to improve intergroup relations in New Zealand. (2018)
Type of ContentTheses / Dissertations
Degree NameMaster of Science
PublisherUniversity of Canterbury
AuthorsEalam, Breanneshow all
Diversity ideologies have been the subject of much debate, as many nations have experienced unprecedented increases in cultural diversity. Traditional diversity ideologies such as assimilation and multiculturalism have been met with varying challenges. One novel approach being discussed by political philosophers, that has yet to receive much empirical attention, is interculturalism. In the present work, we examined the impact of promoting interculturalism and multiculturalism on minority implicit and explicit attitudes in New Zealand. Participants included 269 non-Asian New Zealand residents who were primed with an ideology of interculturalism, multiculturalism, or neither, in a no-information control condition. Participants then completed outcome measures of explicit and implicit outgroup attitudes. Interculturalism, similar to multiculturalism, significantly increased positive explicit and implicit attitudes towards Asian New Zealanders and increased majority group members’ desire for intergroup contact. However, there were not significant differences in the effects of interculturalism and multiculturalism on these outcomes. Ultimately, this study demonstrates that interculturalism is a viable way forward to improve intergroup relations in ethnically diverse countries such as New Zealand.