Initial scan of policy / issues relevant to autonomous vehicle development and deployment.
Throughout the world, governments are considering the potential disruptive impacts of autonomous vehicle technology. It is widely expected that those countries that implement adaptive and successful transitions to shared autonomous mobility will reap social, environmental, and competitive advantages (European Commission, 2016; Franklin, Palmer, Jemelkova, & Boonen, 2017; MIT Technology Review Insights, 2017). Internationally, then, many governments are striving to stay at the forefront of technological developments. Governments that choose not to embrace new technologies will need to develop strategies for managing their place in an international community with different, and possibly conflicting, priorities. This document is an early output from a project exploring the implications of changing transport systems. The project has a particular focus on autonomous vehicles (AVs) and their implications for the wellbeing of older people and ageing populations. It aims to facilitate proactive decision making about the future of transport in New Zealand. A summary document covering the wider content of the project to date is available (Fitt et al., 2018). This document aims to support forward-planning, additional research initiatives, and public consultation by transport officials and other relevant stakeholders by summarizing the results of a pilot policy scan of national AV regulation and initiatives. In it, we explore some of the concerns that are influencing contemporary government policies relating to autonomous vehicles. We start with three that are shared internationally: safety and ethics, liability and insurance, and policy for ageing communities. We then move on to present policy profiles for each of three different political jurisdictions that have identified different policy priorities and particular ways of addressing these. These policy profiles can support debate about the direction or directions that New Zealand policy makers should take when planning for future transport systems.
SubjectsField of Research::09 - Engineering::0913 - Mechanical Engineering::091303 - Autonomous Vehicles
- Science: Reports