The relationship between the constructs of the health belief model and hearing protection use among Christchurch construction workers in occupational and non-occupational settings
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree NameMaster of Audiology
Results of previous studies suggest that the constructs of the Health Belief Model (HBM) can be used to predict health behaviours. This study examined the relationship between constructs of the HBM and hearing protection device (HPD) use among Christchurch tradespeople, in occupational and non-occupational settings. Sixty-four tradespeople were surveyed using a hearing beliefs questionnaire (HBQ), which was adapted for hearing protection use. Forty-four participants met the inclusion criteria for this study, as they spent three or more hours exposed to noise during their typical working day. The data in this current research was collected using an adapted version of the HBQ used to investigate the relationship between the constructs of the HBM and hearing aid use among veterans in the United States. A factor analysis was performed to group adapted items of HBQ within the constructs of the HBM. Correlations between constructs of the HBM and HPD use were analysed using one-tailed Pearson’s correlation coefficient. No significant correlations between constructs of the HBM and HPD use among tradespeople were found. Significant correlations between six individual items used in the adapted HBQ and HPD use among tradespeople in occupational and non-occupational settings were found. These findings indicate that the adapted HBQ cannot be used to predict HPD use among tradespeople in Christchurch. Further research is required to determine robust predictors of HPD use among Tradespeople in Christchurch, which may in turn be utilised to reduce noise-induced hearing loss in this population.