The European Union and the convention on the conservation of Antarctic marine living resources.
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree LevelPostgraduate Certificate
Degree NamePostgraduate Certificate in Antarctic Studies
The Antarctic Treaty System (ATS) is a conglomeration of international agreements which have evolved from the Antarctic Treaty (1957) to form a legal framework to manage the Antarctic whilst circumventing competing territorial claims. The Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) (1980) is an integral part of the ATS framework as the international agreement which forms the regulatory basis for conservation and harvesting activities in Antarctic waters. Demanding seas, a short season due to ice coverage and limited markets for Antarctic fish have resulted in relatively small amounts of fish being caught south of the Antarctic convergence; except for within the exclusive economic zones (EEZs) of the British, French and Argentine territories in the region. However, fishing in the region is increasing as new technologies provide for viable and safe fishing operations and as fish stocks become increasingly depleted in other parts of the world.