Habituation of penguins in high traffic tourist destinations and scientific research areas – causes and effects.
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree LevelPostgraduate Certificate
Degree NamePostgraduate Certificate in Antarctic Studies
Since the discovery of Antarctica and the Sub-Antarctic regions, man has been fascinated with the nature and biology of the family Spheniscidae (Chester, 1996). It is this fascination that has led us to study the behaviours, reproduction and physical activities of the penguin. Although all of the 17 species of penguins are found in the southern hemisphere, only a handful of them actually occur on the continent of Antarctica itself (Sitwell & Ritchie, 2002). The four species that actually breed on the continent being the Adelie, Gentoo, Chinstrap, and Emperor penguins (Mcgonigal & Woodworth, 2002). Because of its relatively higher temperature than the rest of the Antarctic continent (Pyne, 2003), the Peninsula offers an exquisite breeding ground for these birds (McGonigal & Woodworth, 2002). However, the higher temperature also means that access to the peninsula is reasonably uncomplicated. This creates a situation ideal for tourists to view wildlife in it’s natural habitat, and for scientific work to be carried out on the species.
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