Antarctic Specially Protected Areas as tools for conservation: An assessment of purpose, placement and effect
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree LevelPostgraduate Certificate
Degree NamePostgraduate Certificate in Antarctic Studies
Offering the highest level of protection under the current Antarctic Treaty System,Antarctic Specially Protected Areas are often considered a key tool in the conservationof terrestrial Antarctica (Shaw et al 2014). However as conservation science evolves,and approaches to conservation planning become more systematic, the capability ofthese areas to meet long-term Antarctic conservation objectives has been questioned. Toaddress this, both the placement and management of existing Antarctic SpeciallyProtected Areas is reviewed, in order to assess whether, as a system, Antarctic SpeciallyProtected Areas 1) designate adequate area, representative Antarctic biodiversity, and2) effectively separate it from threatening processes. Finding that in the short term,stricter compliance with management guidelines and monitoring is required by TreatyParties, and in the long term, that meeting representativeness and comprehensivenessrequirements is impeded by both a gap in available data and the placement of existingsystem, it is clear that both the management and designation processes of ASPA'srequires review if Antarctic conservation objectives are to be achieved.
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