Protected Area Management: A Framework for Managing Cumulative Impacts in the Antarctic
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree LevelPostgraduate Certificate
Degree NamePostgraduate Certificate in Antarctic Studies
The Antarctic Treaty System is challenged with developing a strategic conservation approach for protected area management and with determining how cumulative impacts are addressed under the current regulatory framework. Key scientific and environmental values benefit from general protection under the Antarctic Treaty and a further system for designating protected areas was established under the Agreed Measures for Flora and Fauna 1964. With increasing human presence across the Antarctic the need for consistent implementation of environmental protection measures to minimise impacts is required. All visitors to the Antarctic, including tourists, scientific and support personnel of National Antarctic Programs and non-governmental organisations, have an obligation under the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty 1991 to manage all environmental impacts, including those that are cumulative. The current protected area management system provides an existing framework in conjunction with the Environmental Impact Assessment process for managing cumulative impacts, but it has not yet been explicitly used for this purpose by the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Parties. This review will consider the established system for terrestrial protected area management in the Antarctic and examine whether this can facilitate improved management of cumulative impacts.
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