How is Antarctica represented in juvenile fiction in the English language?
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree LevelPostgraduate Certificate
Degree NamePostgraduate Certificate in Antarctic Studies
This literature review samples the English-language juvenile fiction involvingAntarctica, and looks at the representation of the continent in that fiction. Itdiscovers that picture books largely have a simplistic representation of the continent,and generally portray it as a home for anthropomorphised penguins. As the readingageof the books increases, the depiction gets more complex, and morehuman-oriented.The children's and young adult fiction have fairly wide-ranging depictions ofAntarctica, showing it as a continent for adventure, science, tourism, or exploration.They also explore both historical and modern representations of the continent.It is interesting that very few of the books portray Antarctica as a continent for bothscience and peace (the two stated goals of the Antarctic Treaty (AT)), nor is environmentalism significant in the majority of the books (an important facet of themodern Antarctic Treaty System).It is also interesting to see the change in attitudes towards Antarctica, as reflected inworks of fiction. Earlier books represent the continent as somewhere for explorationand/or exploitation. As time passes, the attitudes towards the Antarctic change. Inthe recent books it is mostly depicted as a place for tourism and science.
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