Possibility of Japanese Antarctica Sovereignty?
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree LevelPostgraduate Certificate
Degree NamePostgraduate Certificate in Antarctic Studies
Unlike the Artic, the Antarctica is a 5th largest continent and no indigenous peopleon ice. Therefore the sovereignty issue has been controversial and inevitable among somestates. In general, people might recognize that there is no sovereignty in Antarctica but it isactually frozen by the treaty. The main purpose of the Antarctica Treaty was both promotinginternational scientific cooperation and securing the scientific purpose only. Yet thesignificant factor is that the Article 4 imposed the concept of frozen territorial sovereignty onAntarctica. My question is what are the reasons to give 7 claimant states to insist theirsovereignty in Antarctica? What if the discovery variable supported the sovereignty, howabout Japanese historical expedition and their claims?First, the existence of Japanese territorial sovereignty is important. The 'Treaty ofPeace with Japan signed at San Francisco, 1951' exactly illustrated the renunciation ofJapanese territory. And the Article II section (e) clearly mentioned that the Japan'srenunciation of all claims related to Antarctica. Next, the historical record of first JapaneseAntarctica journey is important. The first Japanese Antarctica expedition was led byLieutenant Shirase Nobu and it was privately supported. There are several books anddocuments to verify his journey to Antarctica but only few of them illustrated the JapanAntarctica territory.I will critically review the book 'Open Antarctica'(Kim, 2015) and an article 'OneMan's Dream Japan's Antarctic History'(Wouters, 1999) to question about JapaneseAntarctica territory comparing with reasons of 7 claimant states and international law
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