Causal Factors of Peace in the Antarctic
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree LevelPostgraduate Certificate
Degree NamePostgraduate Certificate in Antarctic Studies
The prevalence of peace in the Antarctic is a significantly under-researched field. It is often eitherdismissed as being due to the isolation of the continent in the international system, or simply hailed asa success of the Antarctic Treaty System. This critical review draws on Felix Martin's assertions thatinterstate relations alone do not account for peace in conflict-prone regions, and therefore other causalfactors have to be considered. It critically examines three perspectives on causal factors for peace inthe Antarctic, including states adhering to unwritten rules within the Antarctic Treaty System,structural factors of the Treaty System, and the common goals of environmental protection. Itultimately views these causal factors through the lens of Johan Galtung's conceptions of positive andnegative peace, suggesting that the peace experienced by the Antarctic can be considered negative.More work must be done on building mechanisms that promote a robust and stable positive peace toensure the continent remains free from violence in the coming years.
- Literature Reviews