Non-pharmacological Methods in Relieving Children’s Pain in Hospital: a pilot study (2017)
Type of ContentTheses / Dissertations
Thesis DisciplineHealth Sciences
Degree NameMaster of Health Sciences
PublisherUniversity of Canterbury
Non-pharmacological methods of pain management are reported to be effective in alleviating pain felt by paediatric patients. Despite this, international literature has identified a lack of implementation of non-pharmacological methods in practice. Following an extensive review of relevant literature, it was identified that no research on the topic of non-pharmacological methods of pain management has been conducted in New Zealand. Given this, the research question for this small pilot study was: Do New Zealand registered nurses use non-pharmacological methods of postoperative pain management for paediatric surgical patients, and if so, to what extent? Three international research papers have investigated the utilisation of non-pharmacological methods of pain management by nurses in Finland, Singapore and China through use of a questionnaire. This questionnaire was adapted for a New Zealand context and distributed to registered nurses working in a paediatric surgical ward in one district health board. Though the sample size of 16 was small, the results showed that participants were using a variety of non-pharmacological methods which correlates with international literature. These methods include distraction, repositioning, positive reinforcement, therapeutic touch, comforting/reassurance, presence, helping with daily activities, creating a comfortable environment, and more. This suggests that participating nurses are staying current with global approaches to pain management in paediatric patients. Further research into the topic of pain management in paediatric patients is recommended to expand knowledge in this area and improve clinical practice. Replicating this pilot study on a nationwide scale would provide more detailed information about New Zealand nurses’ utilisation of non-pharmacological methods of pain management and allow valid comparisons to be made with international research. Key words: Non-Pharmacological Methods, Pain Management, Nursing, Paediatric, Child
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