Mental health and factors related to mental health among Pakistani university students.
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree NameDoctor of Philosophy
This study investigated potential factors contributing to mental health in university students in Pakistan. The specific factors selected for investigation were fathers warmth, extraversion vs. introversion, self-esteem, and peer relationships. Two demographic factors, gender and socio-economic status (based on parental income), were also examined to determine potential relationships with mental health problems.
A quantitative research design was utilized and data were obtained through participants completing five different standardized surveys. The participants were 314 undergraduate students from different departments, attending one university in Karachi. The age of participants ranged from 18 to 24 years, and 149 were female and 165 were male.
The findings of this study revealed a positive correlation between extraversion and mental health, fathers warmth and mental health, and self-esteem and mental health, along with significant gender differences: male students reported more positive mental health levels than female students. There was also a trend for those students from the lowest parental income category to report lower mental health levels. Additionally, of the factors assessed, fathers warmth predicted most variabilityin mental health scores.
These findings provide insights into students perception of their mental health and factors that maybe related to these self-reports. Such work highlights the importance of raising awareness of mental health among university students, their families, and university administration, particularly in cultures where these is potentially less acceptance of mental health problems. The findings should support the planning and development of effective interventions and strategies, not only for university students experiencing mental health problems, but also universityadministration: the influence of fathers warmth on mental health self-reports in this context suggests a need to consider parental involvement in effective interventions, for example. Findings are also discussed in terms of potential gender differences and cultural factors that influence students perceptions of their psychological well-being.