Air Traffic Control: To what extent can we predict performance based on personality? (2016)
AuthorsJones, Chloeshow all
Purpose – This research looked into the validity of personality in predicting air traffic controller performance and identified which function (curvilinear or linear) was the best fit for each given relationship.
Design/methodology/approach – Participants from an Air Traffic Control Provider in New Zealand completed both the OPQ Personality measure within a high stakes condition (recruitment) and low stakes condition (in the year 2014) and had managerial performance ratings completed in 2014. This data was then analysed using within sample t tests, regression and curve estimation techniques.
Findings – 18 relationships were found to be significant between personality traits and the performance competencies. Of these, 10 relationships displayed evidence of a curvilinear function which adds to the growing literature supporting the introduction of a curvilinear function in the personality-performance relationship.
Research Limitations/Implications – There is one minor limitations within the current study. This is that through the use of self-report data, there is a risk of response distortion occurring. Despite this, the current research provides evidence of the validity of personality in predicting performance and a platform for future research into the area. Furthermore, it provides valuable information to improve the successfulness of the selection process.
Originality/value – The study adds to the minimal research on personality and air traffic control performance, and is among the first to examine the idea of a curvilinear function between personality and air traffic controller performance, as opposed to the linear function that has been the only function considered in air traffic control performance research thus far.
Keywords – Personality, performance, air traffic control, linear, curvilinear, response distortion. Paper type – Dissertation.