The Relationship Between Acculturation and Mental Health Among Black Zimbabweans Living in New Zealand
Thesis DisciplineHealth Sciences
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree NameMaster of Health Sciences
The present study sought to explore the relationship between acculturation and mental health among Zimbabwe immigrants of African origin living in New Zealand. Acculturation has been shown to be linked directly with immigration outcomes, and also with different motives for migration. Having been born in Zimbabwe and being an ethnic black Zimbabwean who arrived in New Zealand on or after 2000 are the inclusion criteria. The participant should have attained the age of 18 years by the date they migrated. As part of consultation, key informant interviews with professional organizations and community elders were held. Those willing to take part indicated by signing the consent form and returned a signed consent form together with a completed short demographic questionnaire. Participants who agreed to participate were also sent the survey questions. A second round of key informant interviews in the form of group interview was conducted from a list of people who participated in the study. A thematic analysis of group interview data was undertaken. Acculturation was measured using a modified version of the Vancouver Index of Acculturation and the quality of life was measured separately using World Health Organization measuring tool WHOQoL-Bref. The participants seemed to have ac- cultured and intergrated well. The survey results on acculturation indicated that as much as they maintained their culture, they also embraced the New Zealand cul- ture. The Quality of life results showed that the participants were happy with their quality of life The study highlighted possibilities for further investigation as there was no linkage between the two measuring instruments. The information from this research can be used by social service agencies and health professionals to help settle future migrant groups.