Informed preferences in forest-based land use planning in Indonesia : a methodological case study. (2005)
AuthorsRahardja, Teguhshow all
Indonesia is large and rich in natural resources. Its forest extends over 60 per cent of the country's land and contains many other natural resources. There are many stakeholders, often with conflicting interests. The demands placed on the forest have resulted in declining quantity and quality of the forest lands. People have recognised the need for reviewing and improving the forest-based land use plan, and, in so doing, promoting the participatory approach rather than the traditionally centralistic one. This has been attempted, but there were difficulties in the participatory evaluation of land use options' impacts. Therefore, this study aims to develop a method to help forestry-based land use planning take into account stakeholders' preferences after considering land use scenario consequences. Based on the situation in Indonesia and existing options, this study adopted the mixed rational-participatory approach. The rational side was attempted by FOLPI simulation of land use scenarios. An interview survey of opinions suggested eight scenarios of varying emphases on the economic, ecological and social aspects, which were simulated in FOLPI with area and resource data of each land use. The results were graphs of land use changes and their economic, ecological and social impacts. The participatory aspect was promoted by Q methodology applications. Q was used to analyse respondents' sorts of a set of statements about different aspects of land use planning, and revealed the typology and preferences of stakeholders with regard to land use planning. Using verbal statements in such exercises discovered the typology and normative preferences, while using the FOLPI application graphs as the statements disclosed the positive preferences. In tandem, they provide useful information as inputs to stakeholder deliberations towards a new, rational, and acceptable land use scenario. This study, therefore, recommends a method to help forest-based land use planning stakeholders. The method includes FOLPI simulation of the broad-scoped land use scenarios, and Q applications both the conventional verbal way and the innovative graphical way.