Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and impulsivity in adults with substance use disorder : implications for understanding and treatment.
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree NameMaster of Science
Alcohol and drug addiction have widespread detrimental effects, and physical and psychological costs on individuals, families, communities and society. There is accumulating evidence suggesting that impulsive behaviours (urgency/delay discounting, lack of premeditation/thought, lack of perseverance and sensations seeking/risk taking) and the symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity) are connected to problematic alcohol and drug use. However, there is little research on impulsivity and disorders of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Substance Use Disorder (SUD). This study assessed 23 adult men in residential treatment in Christchurch (New Zealand) for SUD and 23 males aged-matched non-SUD controls on measures of impulsivity (UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale) and ADHD (the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale ASRS-v1.1 Symptom Checklist) symptoms. Those with SUD reported significantly higher impulsivity and ADHD symptomology, suggesting a link between these constructs and drug addiction. Overall, these findings provide much needed research into the prevalence of impulsivity and ADHD symptoms on drug addiction and those with a diagnosis of SUD.