Higher Dimensional Gravity, Black Holes and Brane Worlds (2006)
AuthorsCarter, Benedict Miles Nicholasshow all
Current research is focussed on extending our knowledge of how gravity behaves on small scales and near black hole horizons, with various modifications which may probe the low energy limits of quantum gravity. This thesis is concerned with such modifications to gravity and their implications. In chapter two thermodynamical stability analyses are performed on higher dimensional Kerr anti de Sitter black holes. We find conditions for the black holes to be able to be in thermal equilibrium with their surroundings and for the background to be stable against classical tensor perturbations. In chapter three new spherically symmetric gravastar solutions, stable to radial perturbations, are found by utilising the construction of Visser and Wiltshire. The solutions possess an anti de Sitter or de Sitter interior and a Schwarzschild (anti) de Sitter or Reissner Nordstrom exterior. We find a wide range of parameters which allow stable gravastar solutions, and present the different qualitative behaviors of the equation of state for these parameters. In chapter four a six dimensional warped brane world compactification of the Salam-Sezgin supergravity model is constructed by generalizing an earlier hybrid Kaluza Klein / Randall Sundrum construction. We demonstrate that the model reproduces localized gravity on the brane in the expected form of a Newtonian potential with Yukawa type corrections. We show that allowed parameter ranges include values which potentially solve the hierarchy problem. The class of solutions given applies to Ricci flat geometries in four dimensions, and consequently includes brane world realisations of the Schwarzschild and Kerr black holes as particular examples. Arguments are given which suggest that the hybrid compactification of the Salam Sezgin model can be extended to reductions to arbitrary Einstein space geometries in four dimensions. This work furthers our understanding of higher dimensional general relativity, which is potentially interesting given the possibility that higher dimensions may become observable at the TeV scale, which will be probed in the Large Hadron Collider in the next few years.