Optical Manipulation Using Planar/Patterned Metallo-dielectric Multilayer Structures
Thesis DisciplineElectrical Engineering
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree NameDoctor of Philosophy
Tailoring surface plasmon (SP) resonances using metallic nanostructures for optical manipulation has been widely investigated in recent years; and there are many puzzles yet to be solved in this relatively new area. This thesis covers the study of the interaction of light with SP-supporting planar/patterned metallo-dielectric multilayer structures. Two separate, but closely related subjects were investigated using such structures, which are: SP-assisted optical transmission and optical metamaterials. The physical mechanisms of the SP-assisted transmission phenomenon were studied using planar/grating and planar/hole-array multilayer structures. Extraordinary light transmission has been demonstrated through experimental work and simulations for both arrangements; and the effects of different structural parameters on the transmission efficiencies of the structures were analyzed systematically. The interplays of the surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) and localized surface plasmons (LSPs) in the extraordinary optical transmission (EOT) phenomenon were identified. The potential of the planar/hole-array multilayer structures as optical magnetic metamaterials was evaluated using two independent electromagnetic simulation techniques. The ability of such structures to produce strong magnetic resonances from infrared down to visible side of spectrum was revealed. The methods of tuning the magnetic response of the structures were suggested. A novel design of optical metamaterial based on high-order multipolar resonances in a single-layer plasmonic structure was also proposed. Numerical results from two different computation methods indicate that a simultaneously negative permittivity and permeability can be achieved in such a structure.