Stuttering characteristics of Omani Arabic-English bilingual speakers.
Thesis DisciplineSpeech and Language Sciences
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree NameMaster of Science
This study examined the reading and conversational speech samples of eight bilinguals who stutter (BWS). The participants spoke Omani Arabic as the first language (L1) and English as a second language (L2). The samples were examined with particular reference to overall disfluency, stuttering-like disfluencies (SLDs), other-disfluencies (ODs) and distribution of stuttering on bare content (BC) and bare function (BF) words. No significant difference was found in the overall amount of disfluency or ODs between the two languages. Significantly more stuttering was found to occur in L2 compared to L1 in the conversational speech sample, while no difference in stuttering was seen for the reading sample. No significant difference in the amount of stuttering on BC and BF words was found in L1 and L2 for either the reading sample or conversational speech sample. Examination of BF found a significantly higher percentage of stuttering on these word types in L2 compared to L1. The results indicate that language proficiency, as well as the phonetic complexity of word types appear to play an important role in stuttering behaviour. The current study is one of the first to examine bilingualism and stuttering in L1 Arabic. The results are in general agreement with past studies examining stuttering in various BWS groups.