Construct validation of the Hazard Awareness Test (HAT)
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree NameMaster of Science
The measurement of safety in job applicants is a primary concern to organisations. At present, current methods of assessing an individual’s safety are limited to self-report and previous accident/incident history data which are subject to social desirability bias. To address this problem, the Hazard Awareness Test (HAT) was developed as an objective measure of safety. The main purpose of this study was to investigate whether the HAT is construct valid. In order to do this, 90 participants were included who differed on their health and safety expertise. All participants were required to complete the HAT followed by a self-report measure requesting biographical data, accident and incident history frequency information and responses to validated scales of safety motivation, safety knowledge, safety consciousness, risk taking, and career commitment. A between-groups experimental design was used to test four hypotheses regarding the influence that health and safety experience, workplace health and safety training, and independently sought health and safety education have on HAT performance. All hypotheses received support with the implications of the findings discussed within the context of the limitations of the research design.