Different forms for nonlinear standing waves in deep water
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree NameResearch report
Multiple forms for standing waves in deep water periodic in both space and time are obtained analytically as solutions of Zakharov's equation and its modification, and investigated computationally as irrotational two-dimensional solutions of the full nonlinear boundary value problem. The different forms are based on weak nonlinear interactions between the fundamental harmonic and the resonating harmonics of two, three, ... times the frequency and four, nine, ... respectively times the wavenumber. The new forms of standing waves have amplitudes with local maxima at the resonating harmonics, unlike the classical (Stokes) standing wave which is dominated by the fundamental harmonic. The stability of the new standing waves is investigated for small to moderate wave energies by numerical computation of their evolution, starting from the standing wave solution whose only initial disturbance is the numerical error. The instability of the Stokes standing wave to sideband disturbances is demonstrated first, by showing the evolution into cyclic recurrence that occurs when a set of nine equal Stokes standing waves is perturbed by a standing wave of a length equal to the total length of the nine waves. The cyclic recurrence is similar to that observed in the well known linear instability and sideband modulation of Stokes progressive waves, and is also similar to that resulting from the evolution of the new standing waves in which the first and ninth harmonics are dominant. The new standing waves are only marginally unstable at small to moderate wave energies, with harmonics which remain near their initial amplitudes and phases for typically 100-1000 wave periods before evolving into slowly modulated oscillations or diverging.
SubjectsField of Research::09 - Engineering::0915 - Interdisciplinary Engineering::091501 - Computational Fluid Dynamics
- Engineering: Reports