Differential Spatial Modulation for APSK in Time-Varying Fading Channels
We develop a novel differential spatial modulation (DSM) scheme for amplitude phase shift keying (APSK) modulation, which can either improve throughput or performance over DSM for PSK. Then we investigate the impact of time-varying fading on DSM.We find performance degrades if the fading is too fast due to differential detection. The impact of a long outer error control code (ECC) is also considered. Its performance is limited by the slowly varying channel required for differential detection. We consider using reconfigurable antennas to periodically change the channel conditions and hence significantly improve coded performance for DSM systems.