Rethinking Turing’s Test and the Philosophical Implications (2020)
Type of ContentJournal Article
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
- Arts: Journal Articles 
© 2020, Springer Nature B.V. In the 70 years since Alan Turing’s ‘Computing Machinery and Intelligence’ appeared in Mind, there have been two widely-accepted interpretations of the Turing test: the canonical behaviourist interpretation and the rival inductive or epistemic interpretation. These readings are based on Turing’s Mind paper; few seem aware that Turing described two other versions of the imitation game. I have argued that both readings are inconsistent with Turing’s 1948 and 1952 statements about intelligence, and fail to explain the design of his game. I argue instead for a response-dependence interpretation (Proudfoot 2013). This interpretation has implications for Turing’s view of free will: I argue that Turing’s writings suggest a new form of free will compatibilism, which I call response-dependence compatibilism (Proudfoot 2017a). The philosophical implications of rethinking Turing’s test go yet further. It is assumed by numerous theorists that Turing anticipated the computational theory of mind. On the contrary, I argue, his remarks on intelligence and free will lead to a new objection to computationalism.
CitationProudfoot D (2020). Rethinking Turing’s Test and the Philosophical Implications. Minds and Machines: Journal for Artificial Intelligence, Philosophy and Cognitive Science. 30(4). 487-512.
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KeywordsTuring; Turing test; response-dependence; free will; computational theory of mind; computationalism
ANZSRC Fields of Research50 - Philosophy and religious studies::5003 - Philosophy::500312 - Philosophy of cognition
50 - Philosophy and religious studies::5003 - Philosophy::500315 - Philosophy of mind (excl. cognition)
52 - Psychology::5204 - Cognitive and computational psychology::520401 - Cognition
46 - Information and computing sciences::4602 - Artificial intelligence
RightsAll rights reserved unless otherwise stated
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