The Cogito, Dreamt Characters, and Unreal Existence (2023)
Type of ContentJournal Article
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
- Arts: Journal Articles 
Borges’ The Circular Ruins tells the story of a magician who turns out to be a character in a dream. Leibowitz (2021) argues that this scenario undermines the rational indubitability of Descartes’ Cogito. The magician, he argues, is an unreal appearance and therefore does not exist. I argue that Borges drew a distinction between reality and existence and that he was right to do so. There are various senses of reality and the sense in which a dreamt character is unreal poses no threat to their existence or to the indubitability of the Cogito. The magician is unreal because he is a mind-dependent, illusory and fake. Nonetheless, he can be certain that he thinks, therefore he is.
CitationTurp M-J (2023). The Cogito, Dreamt Characters, and Unreal Existence. Acta Analytica.
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ANZSRC Fields of Research50 - Philosophy and religious studies::5003 - Philosophy::500305 - Epistemology
RightsAll rights reserved unless otherwise stated
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