Financial technology to address the liability of poorness? A typology of FinTech organisations (2022)
Purpose. This paper explores how financial technology (FinTech) organisations address poverty-related challenges when providing digital financial services. Employing the conceptual foundation of the liability of poorness (i.e. literacy gaps, a scarcity mindset, intense non-business pressures and a lack of financial slack), this paper explores the innovative strategies that FinTechs use to address these liabilities and promote entrepreneurship.
Design/methodology/approach The paper uses detailed case data collected from three FinTech organisations operating in one South Asian country.
Findings FinTech organisations' innovative strategies reflect a combination of “high touch” (human) vs “low touch” (digital) solutions. All the organisations simplified internal systems or procedures to accommodate customers. The degree to which the three organisations adopted each of the identified strategies shows an emerging typology of FinTechs; that is, innovators with high digital interactions, a mix of digital-human interactions and high human interactions.
Research limitations/implications The paper develops a typology which categorises FinTech innovative strategies. The typology highlights strategies pro-poor FinTechs use and explains the types of entrepreneurial support innovative organisations provide for their customers. Both the typology and the innovative strategies contribute to enhanced financial inclusion and entrepreneurial promotion amongst the poor.
Originality/value The originality of the paper comes from its focus on FinTechs' innovative pro-poor strategies. Existing studies typically address the technology-side of innovations. In contrast, this paper combines innovative strategies with the liability of poorness to identify issues associated with financial inclusion.
CitationRanabahu N Financial technology to address the liability of poorness? A typology of FinTech organisations. European Journal of Innovation Management. Article publication date: 5 December 2022
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Keywordsliability of poorness; FinTech; human vs. digital interactions; organisational innovation; strategy
ANZSRC Fields of Research35 - Commerce, management, tourism and services::3502 - Banking, finance and investment::350299 - Banking, finance and investment not elsewhere classified
35 - Commerce, management, tourism and services::3502 - Banking, finance and investment::350205 - Household finance and financial literacy
35 - Commerce, management, tourism and services::3502 - Banking, finance and investment::350202 - Finance
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