Transient behavior of through-flowing gravity currents interacting with a roughness array (2022)
We present laboratory experiments that investigate the structure and flow characteristics of grav ity currents travelling through an array of roughness elements. The roughness elements are of comparable height to the gravity current such that the current flows through the roughness array rather than over it. The frontal velocity and density structure are measured as the current tran sitions from flowing along a smooth bed to flowing through the roughness array, and then back to a smooth bed. We find that, upon entering the roughness array, the gravity current decelerates and the density structure changes from the head and tail structure typical of smooth bed gravity currents, to a wedge shape. A model is presented that explains the deceleration and change in shape based on a dynamic balance between a pressure gradient within the current tail and a drag force associated with individual roughness elements. This model accurately predicts the deceleration of the gravity current, supporting the proposed dynamic balance.
CitationMeredith A, McConnochie C, Nokes R, Cenedese C (2022). Transient behavior of through-flowing gravity currents interacting with a roughness array. Physical Review Fluids. 7.
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ANZSRC Fields of Research40 - Engineering::4012 - Fluid mechanics and thermal engineering::401205 - Experimental methods in fluid flow, heat and mass transfer
40 - Engineering::4012 - Fluid mechanics and thermal engineering::401204 - Computational methods in fluid flow, heat and mass transfer (incl. computational fluid dynamics)
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