Assessing the impact of wall uplift on the critical failure mechanism of hollow-core floors (2021)
Type of ContentTheses / Dissertations
Degree NameMaster of Engineering
PublisherUniversity of Canterbury
Floor systems with precast concrete hollow-core units have been largely used in concrete buildings built in New Zealand during the 1980’s. Recent earthquakes, such as the Canterbury sequence in 2010-2011 and the Kaikoura earthquake in 2016, highlighted that this floor system can be highly vulnerable and potentially lead to the floor collapse. A series of research activities are in progress to better understand the seismic performance of floor diaphragms, and this research focuses on examining the performance of hollow core units running parallel to the walls of wall-resisting concrete structures.
This study first focused on the development of fragility functions, which can be quickly used to assess likelihood of the hollow-core being able to survive given the buildings design drift, and secondly to determine the expected performance of hollow-core units that run parallel to walls, focusing on the alpha unit running by the wall.
Fragility functions are created for a range of different parameters for both vertical dislocation and crack width that can be used as the basis of a quick analysis or loss estimation for the likely impact of hollow-core floors on building vulnerability and risk. This was done using past experimental tests, and the recorded damage. Using these results and the method developed by Baker fragility curves were able to be created for varying crack widths and vertical dislocations.
Current guidelines for analysis of hollow-core unit incompatible displacements are based on experimental vertical displacement results from concrete moment resisting frame systems to determine the capacity of hollow-core elements. To investigate the demands on hollow-core units in a wall-based structure, a fibre-element model in the software Seismostruct is created and subject to quasi-static cyclic loading, using elements which are verified from previous experimental tests. It is shown that for hollow-core units running by walls that the 10 mm displacement capacity used for hollow-core units running by a beam is insufficient for members running by walls and that shear analysis should be used.
The fibre-element model is used to simulate the seismic demand induced on the floor system and has shown that the shear demand is a function of drift, wall length, hollow-core span, linking slab length and, to a minor extent, wall elongation.
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Sarkis Fernandez, Ana Isabel; Sullivan, Timothy; Brunesi, Emanuele; Nascimbene, Roberto (2019)Precast pre-stressed hollow-core (PPHC) floors have been historically designed and constructed in ways that jeopardize their seismic performance. Particularly, early use of PPHC floors in ductile frames had support connections ...
Fenwick, R.; Bull, D.K.; Gardiner, D. (Civil and Natural Resources EngineeringUniversity of Canterbury. Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, 2010)The objective in writing this report is to provide a guide to structural engineers on how to assess the potential seismic performance of existing hollow-core floors in buildings and the steps involved in the design of new ...
Mostafa, Mohamed; Bueker, Frank; Parr, Michael; Jenkins, Matthew; Hogan, Lucas; Elwood, Ken; Bull, Des; Brooke, Nic; Henry, Rick; Sullivan, Tim; Liu, Angela (2020)Precast floors are the dominant flooring system in New Zealand’s multi-storey buildings stock, where hollow-core floors are the most ubiquitous flooring system. Following the 2016 Kaikōura Earthquake, significant damage ...