Evaluating the relative effect of priming and goal setting on performance in comparison to effects of dispositions on performance (2008)
Type of ContentTheses / Dissertations
Degree NameMaster of Science
PublisherUniversity of Canterbury
Previous research has suggested that it is possible to increase pe1formance on workplace tasks by presenting achievement-oriented stimuli and setting challenging goals prior to the commencement of the task. A sample of 100 mainly undergraduate students took part in an experiment testing a combination of priming and conscious goal setting on a proof-reading task. Participants were randomly assigned to one of four groups: achievement priming and a difficult goal; achievement priming and the instruction to 'do your best'; no priming and a difficult goal; and no priming and the instruction to 'do your best'. A naITow-trait personality measure was also presented to identify whether certain individuals performed at a higher level than others. The results indicated that the setting of a difficult goal prior to completion of the task was an effective aid to performance. When both a difficult goal and achievement priming are given to participants they perform better than those in the other groups. Participants with a disposition to enjoy intellectual activities, such as reading widely and to a lesser extent, participants who believe in their ability to succeed performed better on the proof-reading task. High achievement-oriented participants perform better than others in the group given no additional motivation. Implications of these findings are discussed.
KeywordsPerformance--Psychological aspects; Goal (Psychology); Personality
RightsAll Rights Reserved
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