An evaluation of gentle teaching and visual screening in the reduction of stereotypy in mentally retarded persons (1987)
Type of ContentTheses / Dissertations
Degree NameMaster of Arts
PublisherUniversity of Canterbury
An alternating treatments design was used to compare Gentle Teaching and Visual Screening with a no-treatment control in the reduction of high rate stereotypy in three mentally retarded persons. A Task-training condition using standard behavioural techniques followed Baseline to establish the effects of training the subjects on the task. While all procedures were superior to the control condition, for all subjects, Visual Screening was more effective in suppressing stereotypic behaviour than Gentle Teaching. In two subjects, Gentle Teaching was more effective than the Task-training condition but for the third subject, stereo typy increased under the Gentle Teaching condition. Implementing Visual Screening across two and then in all three daily sessions reduced the rate of stereotypy further to near zero levels. For one subject, an additional phase introducing new therapists demonstrated that the treatment effects were easily replicated across therapists. Mixed changes in collateral behaviours were observed and subject responses were idiosyncratic. There were no specific treat ment effects noted for bonding (pro-social behaviours) or the other collateral behaviours that were monitored. This result was unexpected in view of bonding being the expressed goal of Gentle Teaching. These results are discussed in terms of future research in the evaluation of Gentle Teach ing in mentally retarded persons.
KeywordsPeople with mental disabilities--Education; Stereotypes (Social psychology)
RightsAll Rights Reserved
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