Alcoholism and recidivism of New Zealand offenders (1991)
Type of ContentTheses / Dissertations
Degree NameMaster of Arts
PublisherUniversity of Canterbury
The aim of this thesis is to determine whether or not alcoholism is a predictor of recidivism, and if a predictor, how good it is. In 1983, McLean (in press) administered the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST) to a group of inmates. His aim was to see if the MAST could predict certain types of offenses as alcohol related. In the present study, McLean·s results have been used to see firstly, if the MAST could predict recidivism, and secondly, if it could also predict recidivism of alcohol related offenses. In simple regression, the MAST produced encouraging results. It was shown to be predictive of recidivism, including alcohol related recidivism. In multiple regression, the MAST did not fare quite as well, with other much stronger predictors provin~much more comprehensive. The MAST remains one of the best indicators of alcoholism available today. Although not as good at identifying recidivists as other predictors, one has to acknowledge that the MAST was taken out of context. It was not designed as a test to identify recidivists, but rather alcoholics. Thus, any contribution that it makes to the prediction of recidivism is significant. N.B. Please note that words such as his, him and he are used in this thesis rather than non sexist words. This is because almost ull of the literature reviewed has used male offenders as subjects. This includes the present study.
KeywordsAlcoholism and crime--New Zealand; Recidivism--New Zealand
RightsAll Rights Reserved
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