The effect of the “Yes, I Can! Sleep Education Programme” on children’s sleep, working memory and emotion recognition – a pilot study (2021)
Type of ContentTheses / Dissertations
Degree NameMaster of Arts
PublisherUniversity of Canterbury
Objective: In this study, the researcher investigated the effects of the Yes I Can! Sleep Education Programme (YIC Programme) (Liberty, 2018) in school-age children’s sleep, working memory and emotion recognition in a post-disaster community. Methods: The study adopted a single-subject design. The YIC Programme was implemented in School A as a part of the regular school curriculum for a term. Ten children from School A completed seven-night sleep diaries, the Sleep Self Report (SSR) Questionnaire, and two Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) cognitive tasks, including the Spatial Working Memory (SWM) task and the Facial Emotion Recognition Task (ERT) during three time-periods. Results: Seven children fully engaged in the YIC programme, and the other three partially engaged. The impacts of the programme appeared to be individual-specific, and some of these positive effects were likely to be relevant to the exposure of treatment. More children in the full engagement group showed more stabilized time in bed, reported fewer overall sleep problems, demonstrated better performances on the working memory task and the emotion recognition task. Conclusions: The findings suggest a promising outlook for sleep education programmes in improving school-age children’s sleep and areas of cognitive functions. Future researchers conducting studies of sleep education programmes should consider exploring the following areas: (1) The impact of sleep education programmes on improving specific sleep behaviours; (2) The associations between bedtimes, wake-up times, morning feelings and daytime feelings; (3) A comparison of children’s sleep durations using recommended time in bed for their age-group; and (4) Including measures of cognitive performance.
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