Genetic correlations and genome-wide associations of cortical structure in general population samples of 22,824 adults (2020)
Type of ContentJournal Article
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
- Science: Journal Articles 
Cortical thickness, surface area and volumes vary with age and cognitive function, and in neurological and psychiatric diseases. Here we report heritability, genetic correlations and genome-wide associations of these cortical measures across the whole cortex, and in 34 anatomically predefined regions. Our discovery sample comprises 22,824 individuals from 20 cohorts within the Cohorts for Heart and Aging Research in Genomic Epidemiology (CHARGE) consortium and the UK Biobank. We identify genetic heterogeneity between cortical measures and brain regions, and 160 genome-wide significant associations pointing to wnt/β-catenin, TGF-β and sonic hedgehog pathways. There is enrichment for genes involved in anthropometric traits, hindbrain development, vascular and neurodegenerative disease and psychiatric conditions. These data are a rich resource for studies of the biological mechanisms behind cortical development and aging.
CitationHofer E, Roshchupkin GV, Adams HHH, Knol MJ, Lin H, Li S, Zare H, Ahmad S, Armstrong NJ, Satizabal CL, Bernard M, Bis JC, Gillespie NA, Luciano M, Mishra A, Scholz M, Teumer A, Xia R, Jian X, Mosley TH, Saba Y, Pirpamer L, Seiler S, Becker JT, Carmichael O, Rotter JI, Psaty BM, Lopez OL, Amin N, van der Lee SJ, Yang Q, Himali JJ, Maillard P, Beiser AS, Decarli C, Karama S, Lewis L, Harris M, Bastin ME, Deary IJ, Witte AV, Beyer F, Loeffler M, Mather KA, Schofield PR, Thalamuthu A, Kwok JB, Wright MJ, Ames D, Trollor J, Jiang J, Brodaty H, Wen W, Vernooij MW, Hofman A, Uitterlinden AG, Niessen WJ, Wittfeld K, Bülow R, Völker U, Pausova Z, Pike GB, Maingault S, Crivello F, Tzourio C, Amouyel P, Mazoyer B, Neale MC, Franz CE, Lyons MJ, Panizzon MS, Andreassen OA, Dale AM, Logue M, Grasby KL, Jahanshad N, Painter JN, Colodro-Conde L, Bralten J, Hibar DP, Lind PA, Pizzagalli F, Stein JL, Thompson PM, Medland SE, Sachdev PS, Kremen WS, Wardlaw JM, Villringer A, van Duijn CM, Grabe HJ, Longstreth WT, Fornage M, Paus T, Debette S, Ikram MA, Schmidt H, Schmidt R, Seshadri S, Ching CRK (2020). Genetic correlations and genome-wide associations of cortical structure in general population samples of 22,824 adults. Nature Communications. 11(1). 4796-.
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KeywordsENIGMA consortium; Brain; Chromosome Structures; Humans; Neurodegenerative Diseases; Cognition; Mental Disorders; Genomics; Aging; Phenotype; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Middle Aged; Female; Male; Genome-Wide Association Study
ANZSRC Fields of Research31 - Biological sciences::3105 - Genetics::310511 - Neurogenetics
32 - Biomedical and clinical sciences::3209 - Neurosciences
Rights© The Author(s) 2020. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by/4.0/.
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