Cheater-detection, deceit-detection or task understanding? : studies on the Wason selection task (1998)
Type of ContentTheses / Dissertations
Degree NameMaster of Arts
PublisherUniversity of Canterbury
A number of theories of dealing with performance on the Wason Selection Task were examined. Experiments 1a and 1b tested Cosmides' (1989) Social Exchange theory, which appeals to "cheater-detection", against a more general "deceit-detection" hypothesis. Three social contract tasks, which cued the participants to the perspective of an individual who was looking for instances of cheating on a social contract, were tested against three non-social-contract tasks, which cued the participants to the perspective of an individual who was looking for instances of lying. The initial results appeared to support Social Exchange theory and reject the "deceit-detection" hypothesis. However, the results were also explicable in terms of Liberman & Klar's (1996) Theory of Task Understanding.
Experiment 2 tested the Theory of Task Understanding against Social Exchange theory. Three new social contract tasks were tested against three thematic-abstract tasks, which were designed in accordance with prescriptions that Liberman & Klar's theory suggests should lead to good task performance. A small, significant difference was found between the social contract tasks (50% correct) and the thematic-abstract tasks (40%), which is consistent with the prediction of Social Exchange theory. However, a more detailed analysis revealed that the within-condition range for both conditions was three times larger than the between-condition difference. This is problematic for Social Exchange theory, but consistent with the Theory of Task Understanding. Experiment 2 also tested whether the inclusions of pictures or diagrams, that represent the problem, increase task performance. No significant difference existed betvveen tasks that included pictures and those that did not.
KeywordsReasoning (Psychology); Exchange theory (Sociology); Social exchange; Truthfulness and falsehood
RightsAll Rights Reserved
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Light RL (2014)© Idokan Poland Association. Recent developments in the theorization of learning reflect a degree of frustration with the limitations of Western dualism and, in particular, with its separation of mind from body. These ...
Women's Voices: Solace and social innovation in the aftermath of the 2010 Christchurch earthquakes McManus, R. (University of Canterbury. School of Language, Social and Political SciencesUniversity of Canterbury. SociologyUniversity of Canterbury. Sociology and Anthropology, 2015)The Canterbury earthquakes and the rebuild are generation-defining events for twenty-first century Aotearoa/ New Zealand. This article uses an actor network approach to explore 32 women’s narratives of being shaken ...
Turp, M-J. (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020)