Risk and reward: Extending stochastic glycaemic control intervals to reduce workload (2020)
Type of ContentJournal Article
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
Background: STAR is a model-based, personalised, risk-based dosing approach for glycaemic control (GC) in critically ill patients. STAR provides safe, effective control to nearly all patients, using 1-3 hourly measurement and intervention intervals. However, the average 11-12 measurements per day required can be a clinical burden in many intensive care units. This study aims to significantly reduce workload by extending STAR 1-3 hourly intervals to 1 to 4-, 5-, and 6-hourly intervals, and evaluate the impact of these longer intervals on GC safety and efficacy, using validated in silico virtual patients and trials methods. A Standard STAR approach was used which allowed more hyperglycaemia over extended intervals, and a STAR Upper Limit Controlled approach limited nutrition to mitigate hyperglycaemia over longer intervention intervals. Results: Extending STAR from 1-3 hourly to 1-6 hourly provided high safety and efficacy for nearly all patients in both approaches. For STAR Standard, virtual trial results showed lower % blood glucose (BG) in the safe 4.4-8.0 mmol/L target band (from 83 to 80%) as treatment intervals increased. Longer intervals resulted in increased risks of hyper- (15% to 18% BG > 8.0 mmol/L) and hypo- (2.1% to 2.8% of patients with min. BG < 2.2 mmol/L) glycaemia. These results were achieved with slightly reduced insulin (3.2 [2.0 5.0] to 2.5 [1.5 3.0] U/h) and nutrition (100 [85 100] to 90 [75 100] % goal feed) rates, but most importantly, with significantly reduced workload (12 to 8 measurements per day). The STAR Upper Limit Controlled approach mitigated hyperglycaemia and had lower insulin and significantly lower nutrition administration rates. Conclusions: The modest increased risk of hyper- and hypo-glycaemia, and the reduction in nutrition delivery associated with longer treatment intervals represent a significant risk and reward trade-off in GC. However, STAR still provided highly safe, effective control for nearly all patients regardless of treatment intervals and approach, showing this unique risk-based dosing approach, modulating both insulin and nutrition, to be robust in its design. Clinical pilot trials using STAR with different measurement timeframes should be undertaken to confirm these results clinically.
CitationUyttendaele V, Knopp JL, Shaw GM, Desaive T, Chase JG (2020). Risk and reward: Extending stochastic glycaemic control intervals to reduce workload. BioMedical Engineering Online. 19(1). 26-.
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KeywordsHumans; Models, Statistical; Risk Assessment; Stochastic Processes; Workload; Glycemic Control; hyperglycaemia; blood glucose; insulin therapy; insulin sensitivity; insulin resistance; trade-off
ANZSRC Fields of Research32 - Biomedical and clinical sciences::3202 - Clinical sciences::320212 - Intensive care
32 - Biomedical and clinical sciences::3202 - Clinical sciences::320208 - Endocrinology
40 - Engineering::4003 - Biomedical engineering::400306 - Computational physiology
RightsAll rights reserved unless otherwise stated
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