Evaluation of a revised webpage on Otitis Media. (2021)
Type of ContentTheses / Dissertations
Degree NameMaster of Audiology
PublisherUniversity of Canterbury
Purpose: The current study sought to assess a poorly rated webpage on Otitis Media (OM), revise it using best-practice guidelines, and, using a randomised experimental design, evaluate the effect of these revisions on reader comprehension, self-efficacy, and opinion.
Method: The original webpage material was identified from a precedent study where it generated the lowest readability, quality, and content scores of all the assessed webpages. Multiple readability formulas, the DISCERN tool, the adapted Plain Language Checklist, and the SAM were used for readability, quality, content and suitability analysis. To revise the webpage, best-practice guidelines and the aforementioned standardised tools were used. Once modified, 52 participants were randomly allocated to read either the (1) unrevised, or the (2) revised material before completing an anonymous online questionnaire.
Results: Poor readability, quality, content, and suitability ratings indicated that the unrevised webpage on OM was inaccessible to readers. Participants who read the revised webpage were found to exhibit significantly higher comprehension and opinion scores than those in the unrevised group. Self-efficacy scores were similar across two groups.
Conclusion: Post-revision analysis of the OM webpage demonstrated that best practice guidelines can be used to revise existing health materials to improve their readability, suitability, quality, and content. Owing to its significant implications on reader comprehension and self-perceived opinion these findings have critical consequences on patients and caregivers of children who seek online information on OM. High quality health information on OM can aid in understanding, managing, and treating the health condition, reducing its progression, complications, and improving health outcomes. Thus, initiatives that necessitate the improvement of existing materials or the development of easy to read, suitable and high-quality online health information on OM are vital.
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