A neutal network for ground motion quality classification from New Zealand earthquakes of variable magnitudes and tectonic types (2020)
Type of ContentPosters
- QuakeCoRE: Posters 
High-quality ground motion records are required for engineering applications including response history analysis, seismic hazard development, and validation of physics-based ground motion simulations. However, the determination of whether a ground motion record is high-quality is poorly handled by automation with mathematical functions and can become prohibitive if done manually. Machine learning applications are well-suited to this problem, and a previous feed-forward neural network was developed (Bellagamba et al. 2019) to determine high-quality records from small crustal events in the Canterbury and Wellington regions for simulation validation. This prior work was however limited by the omission of moderate-to-large magnitude events and those from other tectonic environments, as well as a lack of explicit determination of the minimum usable frequency of the ground motion. To address these shortcomings, an updated neural network was developed to predict the quality of ground motion records for all magnitudes and all tectonic sources—active shallow crustal, subduction intraslab, and subduction interface—in New Zealand. The predictive performance of the previous feed-forward neural network was matched by the neural network in the domain of small crustal records, and this level of predictive performance is now extended to all source magnitudes and types in New Zealand making the neural network applicable to global ground motion databases. Furthermore, the neural network provides quality and minimum usable frequency predictions for each of the three orthogonal components of a record which may then be mapped into a binary quality decision or otherwise applied as desired. This framework provides flexibility for the end user to predict high-quality records with various acceptability thresholds allowing for this neural network to be used in a range of applications.
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A neural network for ground motion quality classification from New Zealand earthquakes of variable magnitudes and tectonic types Dupuis M; Schill C; Lee R; Bradley, Brendon (2020)
Schill, Claudio; Thompson, Ethan; Bradley, Brendon; Lee, Robin (2020)This poster presents a New Zealand-specific simulation-based ground motion model (GMM) developed using an artificial neural network (ANN). The rationale behind the model development is to leverage the advantages of ...
Lee, Robin; Bradley, Brendon; Graves, Robert; Paterson, James; Motha, Jason; Huang, Jonney; Schill, Claudio; Polak, Viktor; Bae, Sung Eun (2020)In New Zealand, previous hybrid broadband ground motion simulation validation efforts were initially focussed on large magnitude (Mw) earthquakes, and more recently on small magnitude earthquakes (3.5<Mw≤5.0). Both regional ...