Thermodynamics-Acoustics Coupling Studies on Self-excited Combustion Oscillations Maximum Growth Rate (2020)
Type of ContentJournal Article
AuthorsZhao Dshow all
Unlike electric vehicles and electric aircrafts, hydrocarbon-fuelled (fossil) engine systems are much noisier. By conducting one-step chemical reaction-thermodynamicsacoustics coupling studies and experimental measurements, we explore the universal physics of how hydrocarbon-fuelled combustion is a noise maker. We also explain that how combustion-sustained noise at a particular frequency ω is intrinsically selected. These frequencies correspond to the acoustic resonance nature of the combustor. We find that a reacting gas in which the rate of chemical reacting increases with temperature is intrinsically and naturally unstable with respect to acoustic wave motion, since its modal growth rate α is greater than 0. Acoustic disturbances tend to exponentially i.e. exp(αt) increased first and then are limited by nonlinear effects and finally grow into limit cycle oscillations. The growth rate α is found to increase first and then decrease with the gradient of the heat release rate with respect to the temperature change, i.e. heat capacity. The maximum (α/ω )max depends on the specific heat ratio γ, which is related to the speed of sound. The unstable nature could be changed by introducing some acoustic dissipative/damping mechanism, such as the boundary layer viscous drag and boundary losses. It is shown that such losses could lead to increased critical heat capacity, below which stable combustors can be designed. Finally, the acoustical energy consisting of both potential and kinetic energy is found to grow exponentially faster by 100% than the acoustic disturbance amplitude.
CitationZhao D (2020). Thermodynamics-Acoustics Coupling Studies on Self-excited Combustion Oscillations Maximum Growth Rate. Journal of Thermal Science.
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