Identifying density-dependent interactions in collective cell behaviour (2020)
Type of ContentJournal Article
PublisherThe Royal Society
AuthorsBrowning, Alexander P., Jin, Wang, Plank, Michael J., Simpson, Matthew J.show all
Scratch assays are routinely used to study collective cell behaviour in vitro. Typical experimental protocols do not vary the initial density of cells, and typical mathematical modelling approaches describe cell motility and proliferation based on assumptions of linear diffusion and logistic growth. Jin et al. (2016) find that the behaviour of cells in scratch assays is density-dependent, and show that standard modelling approaches cannot simultaneously describe data initiated across a range of initial densities. To address this limitation, we calibrate an individual based model to scratch assay data across a large range of initial densities. Our model allows proliferation, motility, and a direction bias to depend on interactions between neighbouring cells. By considering a hierarchy of models where we systematically and sequentially remove interactions, we perform model selection analysis to identify the minimum interactions required for the model to simultaneously describe data across all initial densities. The calibrated model is able to match the experimental data across all densities using a single parameter distribution, and captures details about the spatial structure of cells. Our results provide strong evidence to suggest that motility is density-dependent in these experiments. On the other hand, we do not see the effect of crowding on proliferation in these experiments. These results are significant as they are precisely the opposite of the assumptions in standard continuum models, such as the Fisher-Kolmogorov equation and its generalisations.
CitationBrowning AP, Jin W, Plank MJ, Simpson MJ (2020). Identifying density-dependent interactions in collective cell behaviour. Journal of The Royal Society Interface. 17(165). 20200143-20200143.
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Keywordsindividual based model; cell migration; scratch assay; interactions; approximate Bayesian computation; model selection
ANZSRC Fields of Research01 - Mathematical Sciences::0102 - Applied Mathematics::010202 - Biological Mathematics
06 - Biological Sciences::0601 - Biochemistry and Cell Biology::060103 - Cell Development, Proliferation and Death