From Anti-Judaism to Anti-Semitism? The Development of the Myth of Jewish Ritual Murder in England (2014)
PublisherUniversity of Canterbury. History
- Arts: Reports 
Accusations of Jewish ritual murder have persisted into the modern era, but the medieval origins of the accusation reflect the society from which it emerged. Between 1066 and 1290 the perception and position of the Jewish population in England changed. This period also witnessed the origins of the ritual murder accusations. In 1144 the accusation was dismissed by a majority of the population; by 1255 it was accepted by the Christian community and the Jews were the first place they turned when the body of the child was found. By locating the changing position of the Jewish community, and then comparing the development of the ritual murder accusations between the case of William of Norwich and Hugh of Lincoln, it allows the Jewish community to be viewed from a different vantage point. This dissertation will also critique Gavin Langmuir’s conception of medieval anti-Semitism, by exploring the alleged ‘irrational’ nature of the ritual murder accusation. The argument will be made, that they are also based in rational financial and societal concerns, and thus not the ‘irrational’ manifestations that Langmuir outlined. By the murder of Hugh in 1255, these accusations had passed into folk legend and taken on a more malevolent form but still had a rational financial underpinning. The accusation became part of the general perception of the Jews, and lasted long after the Jews were expelled. The development of the rituals, is key to understanding the way that the position of the Jews was changing in English society.
ANZSRC Fields of Research43 - History, heritage and archaeology::4303 - Historical studies::430304 - British history
RightsCopyright Hannah Smith
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Monger, D. (University of Canterbury. School of Humanities and Creative ArtsUniversity of Canterbury. History, 2014)This paper focuses on ritual aspects of British public propaganda during the First World War and considers whether they can be said to have encouraged emotional investment in patriotic tropes like duty and sacrifice. It ...
The expansion of British India during the second Mahratta war The strategic, logistic and political difficulties of the 2nd Anglo-Mahratta campaign of General Lake and Arthur Wellesley primarily against Dawlut Rao Scindia and Bhonsla Rajah of Berar Richardson, John (University of Canterbury. History, 2014)The period of British colonialism and the expansion of British influence in India occurred over a number of years. This research paper focuses primarily on the period from 1798 to 1805, with particular reference to the ...
A Church of Two Halves: A Search for Unity in the British Isles from the Fifth to Seventh Centuries Larsen, Ruth (University of Canterbury. History, 2014)This dissertation will look at the development of the Church in the British Isles from the fifth to seventh Centuries, through the case study of Monasticism. Monasticism is a good case study as not only are there primary ...